The mouthpiece provides the horse with ultimate comfort and makes it accepting of the rider‘s hand. The port offers broad space for long and fleshy tongues. The bit helps to prevent tongue vices in an ideal way.
The Pelham is a bit that provides additional lever action on the poll. Pressure is applied to the lower jaw bones by the use of a curb chain. In a way the Pelham is a combination of a Weymouth and a bradoon. Pelhams can be used with one or two reins, which enables different rein options. Direct pressure is applied to the horse’s tongue and bars if the rider only uses the snaffle rein. If horses tend to toss the head it makes sense to attach a second rein to the lower cheek piece ring to apply pressure on the horse’s poll. The horse will try to dodge this pressure by lowering the head. The curb chain should come into play at maximum angle of 45° (lower cheek to horse’s mouth) to avoid the horse lowering its head too much.
It is very common to use a double rein as it enables the ability to apply pressure on the horse’s poll if necessary. Pelhams are also widely used with Pelham straps. This strap is attached to the upper and lower cheek piece ring and the rein is fixed to this strap.